*The title of this blog post is a pun on the name of this song*
So then, March 2011 in the Middle Eastern country of Syria, a Civil War has erupted between the government and rebels. We’ve come to the 2 ¾ year mark, and instead of conventional warfare continuing to be carried out, thermobaric bombs have been deployed in Aleppo and Qusayr, and neurotoxin sarin gas has been employed and launched in suburbs near Damascus, where the war between the Bashar Al-Assad government and the Free Syrian Army rages, with tons of civilian families stuck in the middle. As a result, numerous photos of hospitals being filled to the brim with wrapped corpses of all ages and genders being barely alive have flooded the internet.
Reading about what’s going on, I’ve come across articles about Bashar Al-Assad, a noted dictator and tyrant, saying that it was the rebels who launched the chemical attacks and the rebels saying that it was the government who is responsible for the new level of chemical warfare in Syria. I’ve read articles about United Nations inspectors examining the scenes of chemical attack in Damascus and numerous journalists being abducted and killed in Syria. I’ve read articles about France, Britain and Israel and the U.S. agreeing with the rebels, while Iran, Russia and, I think, China agree with the government of Syria. I’ve come across numerous articles about Obama being pissed off at Bashar and being ready to launch a small amount of Tomahawk Cruise missiles from some destroyers parked over in the Mediterranean Sea at Syria. I’ve come across thousands of comments on YouTube concerning Miley Cyrus’ sparkling new career as a useless douchebag, which has nothing to do with Syria. Unsurprisingly, what I don’t come across are too many articles about the state of affairs amongst the people.
Amongst the people of Syria. Sorry.
Instead of looking at “twerk” videos (I'm not linking that) or paying attention to someone who used to call himself “Tity Boy”, we could now be paying attention to the people in this region of the Levant before they perish in the power struggle. Sunni Muslims have been in the media spotlight going back way before the first Iraq War lead by George Bush Sr., but there are also the Kurds, the small Christian communities, the Jewish Communities, the Alawite Muslims, the Lebanese Syrians, the Greek Syrians, the Druze, and other various people whose history of civilization is one of the oldest in the world. Unfortunately, a good chunk of that history involved being suppressed and oppressed by one dictatorship or another, and instead of being free of this by now, this country could be at the brink of complete destruction.
Syrian history is quite extensive, but a few examples worth mentioning start far back as the 1920’s, when the French took over Syria and Lebanon after World War 1 as part of the League of Nations mandate, the Syrians were fighting and dying for integrity and a voice in the state of political affairs. The Druze, a mountainous monotheistic religious community spread around the Levant but mostly populated in Syria, revolted against the slave labor camps and wrongful imprisonment the French had subjected them to. In return, the French Imperialist government would catch Druze members and lynch them in public squares so that they’d be on full display as a warning to other members of the revolt. Syria did not gain independence from France until after World War 2.
In response to the experience with France, the Syrians eventually formed the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party in the 1960’s, which was the sum of smaller political groups before it. The Party’s purpose (which had no connection to what the rest of the world knew as socialism) was to unite the various Arab groups of Syria to stand against foreign invasion/influence, control their own culture and economy and put Arab nationalism before anything. Of course, that was eventually taken over by Hafez Al-Assad, a military officer and Alawite Muslim, and the Ba’ath Party was turned into an authoritarian government that forced the people to live by his rules or die by his bullets. The Muslim Brotherhood, a conservative, religious group formed in the 1940’s whose own beliefs have been reported to pervert justice and fair treatment of citizens in Arab countries, were (and are) the Ba’ath Party’s biggest enemies. This situation culminated in events like The Hama Massacre in the early 1980’s, which led to the deaths of between 10,000 and 40,000 Syrians citizens trying to live their lives in the wrong place at the wrong time in history. The Syrian Military, commanded by Hafez Al-Assad and his younger brother Rifaat, marched into Hama, a town North of Damascus, saying that the Brotherhood attacked some officers first and sought to establish justice. They did not define particular Muslim Brotherhood members and look for them. They simply targeted anyone who was Muslim and considered them an enemy.
In 2000, Bashar Al-Assad, Hafez’s son and an Ophthalmologist student schooling in England who had very little reported interest in politics, inherited the Presidential seat after his brother died in a car accident, and promised the Syrian public that things would be better. They weren’t.
He continued to push a free market economic system, which pushed a gap between the rich and the poor since the only people who were able to make a decent living in Syria were industrialists and those who had connections with Assad’s government.
Al-Assad maintained tight control over the media: people’s comments in forums and post on sites and blogs were being watched and censored. The Syrian Electronic Army, a pro-Al-Assad government team of internet hackers, hacked and reported sites that spoke against the government to the authorities.
Syrian individuals did not have the freedom to associate with whichever groups they pleased or assemble publicly. There are hundreds of political activists, mostly Muslim Brotherhood members and leftists, arrested for being alongside others who speak against the government and disagree. They are jailed with no defined prison terms or are tortured and killed.
Republicans like to say “if you don’t like it, leave the country”. Not an option there. People were not allowed near foreign embassies, and in any case they had to get exit visas from the government.
The people got tired of this (again) and decided to peacefully protest. Of course, such a mass organization of the right to free speech and the freedom to express yourself would not be tolerated under Al-Assad’s tyrannical regime, so in March of 2011, he sent the military to unload bullets on the protesters.
Protest became revolt, as Syrian demonstrators, alongside disillusioned military and police personnel not willing to fire on unarmed citizens, have formed the Free Syrian Army, with the sole purpose of fighting back against the military with arms and bringing down Bashar Al-Assad’s government.
I remember Barack Obama first wanting to support the F.S.A. by just sending them supplies. However, he started to reconsider when the rebels started getting weapons from Al-Qaeda and other extremist groups. Not necessarily pledging loyalty to their beliefs, but just getting help where they can. Since then, extreme religious groups of various types joined the fray and now nobody knows which group is which. News outlets have taken it upon themselves to characterize the entire Rebel alliance as an extremist group, and despite the fact that most of the discontent towards the government rose in conservative Sunni Muslims residing in rural areas and students who’ve had to drop out of college to support their families with 2 or 3 low-paying jobs (reportedly), I still don’t think this is an accurate characterization.
One American journalist who went over there to document war conditions was taken hostage by a rebel group because they suspected him of being an American spy. They tortured him, hacked his bank accounts, spent his money, went into his social media accounts and told his family that he was alright and needed to stay longer than he thought. He eventually escaped and was helped by another rebel group who got him to the nearest border and foreign embassy. The group that kidnapped him turned out to be Al-Nusra.
At any rate, new reports popped up of thermobaric bombs being used in cities and villages. After that, sarin gas attacks started to make themselves evident. Al-Assad is saying the Free Syrian Army did it, and the rebels are saying Bashir Al-Assad is responsible. Meanwhile, hundreds of bodies of people not involved in the war are overloading hospital capacities. Obama stated a little while back that he is putting a Red Line down on the use of chemical weapons by the government, and if it is crossed, he will act. Now, here he is, debating with the House and Congress on whether he should send Tomahawk missiles to Al-Assad’s weapons armories, and while England decided not to pursue this route, France is ready to join.
Some people believe we should strike because Obama established his “red line” (chemical weapons are indeed against international law) and now will look like a coward if he doesn’t back what he said. I believe Al-Assad should be brought down, but the logic still stands that using destruction and violence to stop destruction and violence adds up to destruction and violence.
The people of Syria already have to go to sleep amongst the sounds of assault rifle, missile strikes and explosions that rock their homes. This will just make things worse.
The overwhelming majority of people, conservative and liberal, do not believe the missiles should be sent for multiple reasons.
It’ll start World War 3. Syria already said that they will attack Israel, and Israel said it would respond with a vengeance for getting them involved. Then Iran will jump in and the U.S. will attack them and Russia won’t like that, so they’ll respond, but France and England are on our side.
Others are saying that Bashir Al-Assad is a “legitimate” government, and if we dispose of them, then extremist Muslims will take over. I find this to be asinine. I believe Al-Assad sent those chemical weapons, but for all we know, it could’ve been one of the extremist groups who did it in order to send the entire country into dust.
Additionally, Obama, who has just taken heavy criticism for sending Drone Strikes into Pakistan in his “War on Terror”, killing suspected terrorists and innocents alike, now wants to send a small amount of airstrikes over to Syria to attack the Syrian government. More people will die than just his targets, even with more precise war weapons.
Of course, at the end of all this, we are just leaving Syrian families and civilians in the crossfire so they can continue to stockpile the hospitals as poisoned or shot corpses.
At least, there are some families that have been able to escape. Syrian civilians have been able to make their way through Islamic extremist-controlled areas, areas where there’s infighting in between various rebel groups or the Arabs and Kurds, and bribe government officials into letting them go across borders into Lebanon, southwest of Syria. Most or all of the families there are homeless and are thriving on the small food portions given to them by various local and international humanitarian aid organizations, but at least bullets are not whizzing by their faces or explosions aren’t tearing down the neighborhood around them (never thought I’d voice that sentiment). Chemical or industrial weapon, it doesn’t matter to them, both will mean losing their lives instantly. And with that said, they fear the missiles strikes by Obama, as it will only add to the carnage.
As far as what various nations are paying attention to in the media about Middle East, apparently the methods by which people are dying is the most important thing.
In Egypt, the military has taken over after pushing out Mohammed Morsi, and have begun a war against the Egyptian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Morsi was the first democratically elected president, and since his oust, there have been protests against the military’s take over. The new Egyptian Military Government responded in the same way Al-Assad did, by joining with the police and firing on peaceful protesters. Looking to kill off the Muslim Brotherhood, the Interior Minister has the military and police or arrest or kill anyone who even has Muslim association. And to keep military members aligned and loyal, ironically, the military government has hired Islamic scholars to preach to them that they are doing Allah’s work by attacking and destroying those who come against the military.
In the first week of September, there was an attempt on the Interior Minister’s life: a bomb blew up 10 feet away from the general’s car and blew out 3 stories of building windows, killed one police officer and wounded 10 – 60 people. The counts of the dead or wounded are always disputed amongst different sources, but both can agree that in the aftermath, the street was littered with severed arms, legs and toes. Things are just as crazy over there, but since red lines and chemical weapons aren’t involved, the Egyptians are pretty much secondary in media attention.
There’s no limit to things that Syria could be adding to this world. The Christian churches of their culture that could give us a new perspective on the character of Christ. The innovations in technology or the sciences that come from their cultural and historic perspective. Great novelists or musicians that can take the imagination to new levels and point us to new ways to look at history or the future and the state of human affairs. Or even Syria as a place to visit for vacation and be a part of, with new landmarks and designs in architecture to see, foods to try and mountain views to look down from (their tourism is mostly Arab businessmen from neighboring countries looking for new ventures).
Instead, the country is bogged down in sarin gas attacks and unlawful arrests by a tyrannical Ophthalmologist. History is chock full of these kinds of events and repeatedly shows that democracy is the only place where true human progress can come from. Authoritarian governments forcing archaic, rigid dogma on the population only produces barbarism and violence all around. Hopefully a good portion of the Syrian population will survive this so that they will be able to personally tell their story later.